Mauritius photo of Citadel Fort in Port Louis

Citadel Fort in Port Louis

Photography by Photographer Grey Fox
510 views  /  Date taken : Tue, Mar 28 2023
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Citadel Fort, also known as Fort Adelaide, is an iconic historical monument located in Port Louis, the capital city of Mauritius. It is a prominent landmark of the island country and one of the most visited tourist destinations in Mauritius. Built in the 19th century, the fort was originally intended to be a British military defense post to protect the city from potential invaders.


In 1832, after a series of attacks on Port Louis by French pirates and privateers, the British colonial government of Mauritius decided to construct a fortification that would provide protection for the city. The task was assigned to Colonel Cunningham, who was the Governor of Mauritius at that time. The fort was named after Queen Adelaide, the wife of King William IV, and was completed in 1840. The fort's strategic location on a hill overlooking the city made it an ideal defensive position, and it was equipped with powerful guns and cannons to ward off potential attacks.
The construction of the fort was not without controversy, as many locals were unhappy with the British government's decision to build the fort on top of a hill that was considered sacred to the Hindu community. The hill was known as "La Citadelle" and was believed to be the dwelling place of a Hindu goddess, which made it an important site for religious ceremonies and festivals. Despite the protests, the British government went ahead with the construction, and the hill was flattened to make way for the fort.


The Citadel Fort is an impressive piece of architecture that combines British and French military styles. The fort is built of stone and covers an area of approximately 1,200 square meters. It has a circular shape with a diameter of 100 meters and a height of 83 meters above sea level. The fort's design includes a moat, a drawbridge, and a parade ground in the center, surrounded by barracks, officer's quarters, and other military buildings. The fort has several entrances, but the main entrance is a massive gate that leads to a tunnel that goes through the hill. The tunnel is approximately 175 meters long and has a series of arches that give it an impressive look. The fort also has a flagpole that stands at the center of the parade ground, and a British flag was flown from it during the colonial era. Today, the fort is a popular tourist attraction, and visitors can explore the barracks, the officer's quarters, and other buildings. The parade ground is used for cultural events and festivals, and the fort's location offers breathtaking views of the city and the harbor.


The Citadel Fort played an important role in the history of Mauritius. During the colonial era, the fort was a symbol of British power and a stronghold that protected the city from potential invaders. The fort was also used as a prison for political prisoners and was the site of several important events, including the coronation of King George VI in 1937. After Mauritius gained independence in 1968, the fort lost its military significance and was abandoned for several years. In the 1980s, the government of Mauritius decided to restore the fort and turn it into a tourist attraction. The restoration work was completed in 1993, and the fort was opened to the public. Today, the Citadel Fort is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Mauritius. It offers visitors a glimpse into the island's colonial history and is a testament to the island's multicultural heritage. The fort is also an important cultural site and is used for various events and festivals throughout the year.

Visiting Citadel Fort

Today, Citadel Fort is a popular tourist attraction, and it is visited by thousands of tourists every year. The fort is open to the public every day, and there is no admission fee.
Visitors to the fort can take a leisurely stroll around the fort's ramparts, which offer stunning views of the city of Port Louis and the surrounding areas. There are several cannons located along the ramparts, which were used to defend the fort against enemy attacks.
Inside the fort, visitors can explore the various buildings that were used by the soldiers and officers

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Camera: Dji mini 2 Lens: FC 7303 Aperture: F2.8 Exposure: 1/15 ISO: 200 Focal Length: 4mm

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